10 Steps to Become an Ethical Hacker in 2024

Step 1: Start using LINUX/UNIX

The open-source LINUX/UNIX operating system ensures improved system security. If you want to be an ethical hacker, you should be familiar with Linux because it is one of the operating systems used most frequently for hacking. It provides hackers with a lot of tools. A few examples include Red Hat Linux, Ubuntu, Kali Linux, BackTrack, and other well-known Linux distributions. Kali Linux is the most well-known Linux operating system designed specifically for hacking.

Step 2: Choose the Mother of all Programming Languages

C is referred to as the “mother” of all programming languages and is regarded as one of the earliest computer languages. Since this operating system was made in C, knowing C fills in as the foundation for learning UNIX/LINUX. Therefore, hackers must learn C programming to fully utilize Linux, an open-source operating system.

Try learning multiple programming languages to get an advantage. A piece of code can be deconstructed and evaluated by a programmer who is proficient in two to three programming languages and ethical hacking. Some of the most popular programming languages for hackers are as follows:

  • Python: broadly used for creating exploits
  • JavaScript is viable for breaking into online applications
  • PHP: helps protect against malicious intruders the best for breaking into huge databases is SQL.

Step 3: Learn the Art of Being Anonymous

The most important part of ethical hacking is learning how to hide your identity online and remain anonymous because doing so leaves no trace and makes it impossible to find you. Because ethical hackers frequently are unaware of who else is using the same network, if a Black hat hacker discovers that there is another user in the network, they may attempt to attack that user’s system. Anonymity is therefore essential for ethical hackers as well. The three most promising techniques for safeguarding your identity are Anonsurf, Proxychains, and MacChanger.

Step 4: Master Networking Concepts

Understanding the principles of networking and how they are made is essential for ethical hackers. To take advantage of vulnerabilities, one must be familiar with a variety of protocols and networks. The difficulties in the industry can be overcome by an ethical hacker who has an in-depth understanding of networking technologies like Nmap, and Wireshark, Several significant networking ideas include:

  • TCP/IP Network
  • Subnetting
  • Network Masks and CIDR
  • Simple Network Management Protocol
  • Server Message Block
  • Domain Name Service (DNS)
  • Address Resolution Protocol
  • Wireless Networks
  • Bluetooth Networks
  • SCADA Networks (Modbus)
  • Automobile Networks (CAN)

Step 5: Traverse the Hidden Web

The portion of the internet that is hidden from search engines is referred to as the “dark web.” Specialized authorization or software is required for access. The anonymous Tor browser can be used to access the dark web. Even though the dark web serves as a haven for illegal activity, not all of it is unlawful. Ethical hackers must need to understand how it operates, The dark web has a respectable side as well.

Step 6: Add Secret Writing to your Skill Set

For an ethical hacker, cryptography or secret writing is a significant expertise. Hacking requires authority of the encryption and decryption arts. Information security uses encryption for a variety of things, such as authentication, data integrity, secrecy, and more. On a network, important information is constantly encrypted, including passwords. Hackers must develop the skills necessary to recognize and decrypt encryption.

Step 7: Delve Deeper into Hacking

Whenever you’ve covered all that there is to know about hacking, go top to bottom and find out about things like SQL injections, penetration testing, and vulnerability analysis, and that’s just the beginning. Keep up with the most recent system security updates and the most recent hacking tools and methods.

Step 8: Explore Vulnerabilities

Vulnerabilities are gaps or weaknesses in the system. Acquire the skill of scanning networks and systems for security gaps.  Additionally, ethical hackers may attempt to identify and take advantage of system flaws. Following are a few of the instruments utilized by the Kali Linux operating system to recognize weaknesses:

  • Scanner for Nessus Vulnerabilities: Finds flaws in a variety of systems, including web applications.
  • Detects vulnerabilities on networked devices using the OpenVAS weakness scanner.
  • Web server vulnerabilities are acknowledged by the Nikto Vulnerability Scanner.
  • Identifies vulnerabilities across numerous targets with the Nmap Vulnerability Scanner.
  • Web application problems like XSS and SQL injection are found by the Wapiti Vulnerability Scanner.

Step 9: Experiment and Practice to Ace Hacking

Experimentation and practice are the keys to success in the world of hacking. An Ethical hacker must put their newly acquired ideas into practice in a variety of circumstances and settings. Check out various tools, attacks, and more.

Step 10: Attend discussions and meet knowledgeable hackers

Join a community or a forum to talk to other hackers from all over the world share information and work together. Facebook, Telegram, and Discord are just a few of the platforms with communities.

You can Watch this 8+ Hours Long Course to become a Professional Ethical Hacker.

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