In a major step IBM claims it has successfully created a chip using a two-nanometer (2nm) process. The company claim that the processors made using the technology which is more power-efficient and giving around 45 percent better performance than the current 7nm process. However, Till time IBM didn’t mention when new 2nm processors would come in Market.
Industry-first: New process can fit many more transistors per square millimeter
IBM State “Up to 50 billion transistors can be squeezed onto a chip that’s the size of a fingernail”. That’s a huge improvement over today. AnandTech reports that a 2nm chip features 333 million transistors per square millimeter. While on the other side Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company’s (TSMC) industry-leading 5nm process accommodates 173 million transistors per square millimeter.
More energy efficient, better performance than current 7nm chips
IBM says that the 2nm chips are “projected to achieve 45 percent higher performance or 75 percent lower energy use than today’s most advanced 7nm chips”. That’s a bold claim by IBM at a time when TSMC and Samsung are mass-producing 5nm chips.
New chips could quadruple smartphone battery life, make laptops faster
IBM claims that when 2nm chips eventually make it to consumer devices, they could quadruple smartphone battery life, requiring users to plug their smartphones in only once every four days. The company also said that with a chip whose smallest component is dwarfed by a strand of DNA, laptops could pack faster data processing and faster internet access.
Proof of concept: Mass production of 2nm chips could pose challenges
IBM says. “The tech giant observes that the improvements could also benefit data centers, space exploration, artificial intelligence, 5G telecom, and quantum computing”.